Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. It is the administrative, cultural, and industrial centre of the country. Yerevan is known as a rosy-coloured city, as its buildings and monuments are built of Armenian tufa. That amazing pink stone exists in all its shades created by the super-strong heat of volcanoes of the omnipotent Nature. Yerevan is a city of Christian cathedrals, modern airports, theatres and museums, universities and academies, parks and recreational centres, squares and industrial sites and finally, of art loving people. Its vast squares, wide streets and avenues, green parks and gardens, blossoming with colours of apricot and cherry trees in springtime, give the city a special charm. Yerevan is also known as the ‘City of Fountains’. It’s refreshing fountains offer coolness in the hot summer days. Yerevan is a more beautiful city by night. Hundreds of indoors and outdoors cafes with life music, concert halls and theatres, hotels, restaurants and supermarkets make downtown a favourite place both for city hosts and tourists.
Designed by architect Alexander Tamanyan as the focal point of his 1924 urban plan for the city, the square’s construction started in 1926 and continued until 1958, when the last of its Stalinist-style edifices was completed. The stone pattern in the centre of the square references an Armenian carpet, and the famous musical fountains are the city’s most endearing attraction; these operate between sunset and 10pm in summer.
Matenadaran- The Institute of Ancient Manuscripts
Standing at the top of Yerevan’s grandest avenue, this cathedral-like manuscript library is a source of enormous pride to all Armenians. The first matenadaran (book depository) for Armenian texts was built by St Mesrop Mashtots at Echmiadzin in the 5th century, and held thousands of manuscripts. The collection of manuscripts of Matenadaran is one of the biggest in the world. The depository contains over 17300 manuscripts, 450 thousand archive documents, and 3000 ancient books. Over 14200 manuscripts kept in SRI are in Armenian, the rest ones are in foreign languages – Greek, Latin, Aramaic, Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Old Slavonic, Ethiopic, Japanese and others.
The History Museum of Armenia
The History Museum of Armenia is a museum in Armenia with departments of Archaeology, Numismatics, Ethnography, Modern History and Restoration. It has a national collection of 400,000 objects and was founded in 1920.
The National Gallery of Armenia
The National Gallery of Armenia is the largest art museum in the Republic of Armenia. Located on Yerevan’s Republic Square, the museum has one of the most prominent locations in the Armenian capital. The NPGA houses significant collections of Russian and Western European art, and the world’s largest collection of Armenian art.
The Cascade is a giant stairway made of limestone in Yerevan, Armenia. It links the downtown Ketron area of Yerevan with the Monument neighborhood. Designed by architects Jim Torosyan, Aslan Mkhitaryan, and Sargis Gurzadyan the construction of the cascade started in 1971 and was partially completed in 1980.
The Armenian Genocide memorial complex is Armenia’s official memorial dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide, built in 1967 on the hill of Tsitsernakaberd in Yerevan. Every year on April 24—the Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day—thousands of Armenians gather at the memorial to commemorate the victims of the genocide.
Opera and Ballet Theatre
The Opera and Ballet Theatre is one of the outstanding landmarks of the country. Located in the heart of Yerevan it was designed by the architect Alexander Tamanian who connected two auditoriums in a uniform semicircular building in unusual manner. While building this temple of art Tamanian used the best traditions of medieval Armenian architecture stylizing traditional national ornament.
Modern Art Museum of Yerevan
The Yerevan Museum of Modern Art was founded in 1972 by the efforts of Henrik Igityan, Yerevan Mayor G. Hasratyan and the best Armenian painters. As a specialized museum of modern art this establishment was the first not only in the former Soviet Union, but also in the whole socialist block.
St. Sarkis Vicarial Church
Standing up on the upper part of Dzoragyugh Village and facing the old Yerevan fortress on the left bank of the River Hrazdan, a hermitage-monastery was functioning since the earliest Christian era. This spacious complex, surrounded by a high, fortified wall, was made up of the St. Sarkis, the St. Gevork and the St. Hakob churches, of the buildings of the patriarchal offices and school, of an orchard and of other buildings.
Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral
St. Gregory the Illuminator is currently the largest temple of the Armenian Apostolic Church in the world. It is located in the center of Yerevan. The Church was built on the initiative of Catholicos of All Armenians Vazgen I. In 1989, at a joint meeting of the Supreme Spiritual Council of the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin and the Architectural Commission, it was decided to build a large temple dedicated to the 1700th anniversary of the proclamation of Christianity as a state religion in Armenia.
Yerevan Water World
Yerevan water world is one of the best recreational attractions in the region offering fun and entertainment. It has a large complex of pools and slides that keep the children and adults glued to it. Spread over a huge area of 2.5 hectares, this water zone is best for families, couples, friends as well as children.
On the green space of Norksk height is located the Victory Park or “Akhtanak” Park dedicated to the victory of the USSR in the Second World War. It is one of favorite places Yerevan citizens.
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